Selecting Between Debt Financing or Equity Financing

Finance managers around the world have to face the selection between debt financing and equity financing when searching for finance for his or her companies. Both types have certain merits and demerits. Just a little demystification will possibly help for the making decisions process.

Debt financing the pro’s and cons

Debt financing is essentially whenever you take loans from banking institutions, banks or government departments which have to be paid back more than a fixed period of time. Debt financing has certain pros and cons, which are highlighted below.

The positives

The lender or bank doesn’t have say within the internal making decisions from the business and it has no possession in the industry. There’s a tax advantage because the interest around the loan is tax deductible and you may usually plan and incorporate the repayment inside your budget since both principal amount and rate of interest are known.


Loan instalments can be utilized for capital and cause cash inflow issues ultimately affecting growth.

Versatility regarding repayment time is mainly non-existent.

An excessive amount of debt could cause your company to become recognized as high-risk entity and therefore negatively affecting prospects of raising additional capital later on.

Your company can become vulnerable in case your income is affected because of several reasons, for example stop by sales. This is also true for brand new companies

You might want to provide assets from the business as security or collateral.

Equity financing

Equity financing happens when a trader finances your company in return for possession of shares or stakes in the industry. The investing entity reclaims an investment from future profits. The pros and cons of equity financing are listed below:

The positives

It’s not necessary to pay back the cash and therefore it’s less dangerous than the usual loan.

You have access to the investor’s network, adding more credibility for your business.

Your capital isn’t affected because of loan repayment compulsions and business growth will get a lift.

In situation the company fails, it’s not necessary to pay back an investment.


Lack of autonomy because the investor has certain control of the functioning of the business as well as shares your profit.

You’ll have to consult the investor while taking decision, which may lead to disagreements and friction

At occasions the returns taken through the investor may outstrip rates of interest payable on loans.

Finding a suitable investor is both some time and resource consuming.

The Ultimate Call

Both forms are crucial financing tools for any business and also the decision regarding which tool to utilize depends upon the lengthy-term business goals and the quantity of autonomy or control that you want to retain over your company. Ideally a company must use both tools based on specific needs and situation. It is almost always contended that start up business might be inside a stronger position whether it applies to equity financing after which progressively includes debt financing to the portfolio. According to experts, a perfect debt-to-equity ratio for any business ought to be between1:1-to-1:2.